The software package SPuDS has previously been shown to accurately predict crystal structures of AMX3 and A1 - xA'xMX3 perovskites that have undergone octahedral tilting distortions. This paper describes the extension of this technique and its accuracy for A2MM'X6 ordered double perovskites with the aristotype Fm3̄m cubic structure, as well as those that have undergone octahedral tilting distortions. A survey of the literature shows that roughly 70% of all ordered double perovskites undergo octahedral tilting distortions. Of the 11 distinct types of octahedral tilting that can occur in ordered perovskites, five tilt systems account for ~97% of the reported structures. SPuDS can calculate structures for the five dominant tilt systems, Fm3̄m (a0a0a0), I4/m (a0a0c-), R3̄ (a-a-a-), I2/m (a0b-b-) and P21/n (a-a-b+), as well as two additional tilt systems, Pn3̄ (a+a+a+) and P4/mnc (a0a0c+). Comparison with reported crystal structures shows that SPuDS is quite accurate at predicting distortions driven by octahedral tilting. The favored modes of octahedral tilting in ordered double perovskites are compared and contrasted with those in AMX3 perovskites. Unit-cell pseudosymmetry in Sr- and Ca-containing double perovskites is also examined. Experimentally, Sr2MM'O6 compounds show a much stronger tendency toward pseudosymmetry than do Ca2MM'O6 compounds with similar tolerance factors.
Lufaso, Michael W.; Barnes, Paris W.; and Woodward, Patrick M., "Structure Prediction of Ordered and Disordered Multiple Octahedral Cation Perovskites using SPuDS" (2006). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 1.