Year of Publication

2009

Paper Type

Doctoral Project

College

Brooks College of Health

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Department

Nursing

First Advisor

Dr. Kathaleen C. Bloom

Second Advisor

Dr. Lillia M. Loriz

Third Advisor

Dr. Judith C. Rodriguez

Abstract

Recent studies show that more than one-third of U.S. adults (over 72 million people) were obese in 2005–2006. This includes 33.3% of men and 35.3% of women. Obesity is a primary factor in the development of metabolic syndrome, a condition that places individuals at high absolute risk of mortality and morbidity. The use of a nutritionally balanced diet aimed at weight reduction has the potential to decrease the prevalence of obesity, therefore reducing the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its consequences.

The purpose of this project was to investigate whether individual nutrition counseling would improve the outcomes of patients with metabolic syndrome. A transdisciplinary team of faculty and graduate students from nutrition and nursing served as consultants and educators at a clinic for the uninsured in a southeastern city in the United States. This study was a one-group before-and-after design, with baseline data obtained on patients prior to the practice change. The study ran for six months. The intervention was an evidence-based practice change incorporating intensive dietary program for 19 patients with metabolic syndrome and an evaluation of the effect of that change on lipoproteins, glucose, blood pressure, weight, and waist circumference.

Although there were no positive changes in weight or waist circumference, the participants did enjoy a significant decrease in blood pressure, fasting glucose and plasma lipids. None of these changes were significantly associated with the dietary intervention. Based on the most current evidence, the most effective way to reduce risks associated with metabolic syndrome is weight reduction, adequate nutrition, and exercise.

Included in

Nursing Commons

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