Year of Publication


Paper Type

Master's Thesis


College of Arts and Sciences

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mathematical Sciences (MS)


Mathematics & Statistics

First Advisor

Dr. Adel Boules

Second Advisor

Dr. Champak Panchal

Third Advisor

Dr. Mei-Qin Zhan


The transportation problem is a special type of linear program in which the objective is to minimize the total cost of shipping a single commodity from a number of sources (m) to a number of destinations or sinks (n).

Because of the special structure of the transportation problem, a special algorithm can be designed to find an optimal solution efficiently. Due to the large amount of information in the problem, judicious storage and management of the data are essential requirements of any viable implementation of the transportation algorithm.

Using sparse matrix techniques to store the solution array, and a rooted tree as the labeling method for handling the associated information provides a viable method to solve the transportation problem.

A difficult test problem was designed to test the computer program and demonstrate its efficiency. We were able to successfully implement the transportation algorithm for problems involving one million possible shipping routes. The FORTRAN code developed is included, as well as the results of several runs of the test problem.

Included in

Mathematics Commons