Year of Publication


Paper Type

Doctoral Dissertation


College of Education and Human Services

Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership (EdD)

First Advisor

Dr. James Hale

Second Advisor

Dr. Ken Wilburn

Third Advisor

Dr. Steve Paulson


A model of managerial control and an instrument-The School Managerial Control Questionnaire was developed by Bogotch (1989). These were tested using a sample of elementary, middle, and high school teachers in the nation's fourth largest school district. A study by Williams (1990) used the same model and instrument with a sample of elementary school teachers from the same school district. This study used the same model and instrument to measure control processes exercised by principals in small, rural school districts in North Florida.

The model reflects two managerial behavior styles: Discretionary and ministerial; four managerial control processes: Standards, information, assessment, and incentives; and four selected tasks of curriculum and instruction: Teacher evaluation, staff development, curriculum development, and selection of texts and instructional materials. In addition to the dependent variables studied, five independent variables related to the demographical responses from the high school teachers were measured along the managerial behaviors, control processes and the selected curriculum and instructional tasks.

This study validated Bogotch's model and his instrument as they relate to rural high school principals.

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