College of Arts and Sciences
Master of Science in Biology (MS)
NACO controlled Corporate Body
University of North Florida. Department of Biology
Dr. Gregory Ahearn
Dr. Judith Ochrietor
Dr. James Gelsleichter
Dr. Daniel C. Moon
Dr. Barbara A. Hetrick
Glucose is transported in crustacean hepatopancreas and intestine by Na+-dependent co-transport, while Na+-dependent D-fructose influx has only been described for the hepatopancreas. It is still unclear if the two sugars are independently transported by two distinct cotransporter carrier systems. In this study lobster (Homarus americanus) hepatopancreas brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) were used to characterize, in detail, the cation-dependency of both D-[3H] glucose and D-[3H] fructose influxes, while in vitro perfused intestines were employed to determine the nature of cation-dependent sugar transport in this organ. Over the sodium concentration range of 0-100 mM, both 3H-D-glucose and 3H-D-fructose influxes (0.1 mM; 1 min uptakes) by hepatopancreatic BBMV were hyperbolic functions of [Na+], exhibiting Km values of 2.30 ± 0.59 and 2.58 ± 0.95 mM, respectively. D-[3H] glucose and fructose influxes by hepatopancreatic BBMV over a potassium concentration range of 15-100 mM were hyperbolic functions of [K+], exhibiting Km values of 9.85 ± 0.41 and 12.6 ± 0.80 mM respectively. Both sugars displayed significant (p < 0.01) Na+/K+-dependent and Na+-independent uptake processes. Transepithelial 25 μM D-[3H] glucose and D-[3H] fructose fluxes across lobster intestine over a luminal sodium and potassium concentration range of 0 – 50 mM and 5-100 mM, respectively, were hyperbolic functions of luminal [Na+] and [K+]. As with hepatopancreatic sugar transport, transepithelial intestinal sugar transport exhibited both significant (p < 0.01) Na+/K+-dependent and Na+-independent processes. Results suggest that both D-glucose and D-fructose are transported by a single carrier process in each organ with sodium being the preferred cation for both sugars in the hepatopancreas, and potassium being the preferred cation for both sugars in the intestine.
Duka, Ada, "Comparative Sugar Transport by Crustacean Hepatopancreas and Intestine" (2013). UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 466.