Year of Publication


Paper Type

Master's Thesis


College of Education and Human Services

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)




The purpose of this study was to provide a synthesis and evaluation of research regarding the efficacy of using advance organizers as a pre instructional teaching strategy to enhance students' cognitive growth. Additionally, two sample advance organizers are provided as a model for classroom application, along with caveats for advance organizer construction, presentation and usage. The third component of this study was an evaluation of selected advance organizer studies based on the work of Mayer (1979). The conclusion was that advance organizers do facilitate long term retention and conceptual understanding if prepared and presented properly using language and examples relevant to the students' prior knowledge. Visual aids and metacognitive reading strategies seem to enhance the effectiveness of advance organizers. If the student already possesses prior knowledge of the subject matter or makes mental connections between familiar and unfamiliar content, then advance organizers are not needed.

Included in

Education Commons