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An estimated one million people are currently living with HIV in the United States. Therefore, an important question remains pertaining to professional helpers’ preparedness in working with people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study (N = 165) utilized an analogue design, with participants receiving one of four possible clinical case vignettes, to determine the relationship of client HIV status and race with counselor-in-training self-efficacy, multicultural competency, and empathy. Results revealed that client HIV status was predictive of counselor self-efficacy, and that self-efficacy held relationships with multicultural counseling competency and empathy. Findings suggest multicultural skills training may be particularly important to increase CIT self-efficacy when working with PLWHA.
Zeligman, M., & Joe, J. (2021). Counselors-in-Training Reactions to Clients Living with and Without HIV. Journal of Counseling Sexology & Sexual Wellness: Research, Practice, and Education, 2 (2), 69-79. https://doi.org/10.34296/02021041