Presenter Information

Emily Jeffries
Joshua Gellers

Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Joshua Gellers

Faculty Sponsor College

College of Arts and Sciences

Faculty Sponsor Department

Political Science & Public Administration

Location

SOARS Virtual Conference

Presentation Website

https://unfsoars.domains.unf.edu/plastic-bag-reduction-policies-what-is-the-most-effective-approach/

Keywords

SOARS (Conference) (2020 : University of North Florida) -- Posters; University of North Florida. Office of Undergraduate Research; University of North Florida. Graduate Schooll College students – Research -- Florida – Jacksonville -- Posters; University of North Florida – Undergraduates -- Research -- Posters; University of North Florida. Department of Political Science and Public Administration -- Research -- Posters; Social Sciences -- Research – Posters

Abstract

Plastic pollution has been a hot topic in the scientific community for decades, and more recently, legislation to curb the problem has been popping up across the globe. Plastic bags are a particular item that has been identified as a large offender in plastic pollution. The environmental damage and economic cost of this pollution is widely documented and can be reviewed in Derraik’s 2002 study and Wagner’s 2017 study. This paper will review and analyze literature on the success of plastic bag reduction policies around the world, and determine which solutions are most effective in order to make relevant policy recommendations. The three main policy strategies reviewed in this paper are bans, fees or taxes, and education or marketing. I initially estimated that the most effective policy would be a full ban on plastic bags. My research found that the most effective policy is a ban coupled with a high rate fee on substitutes like paper or compostable bags. However, in jurisdictions where a ban cannot be adequately enforced or passed into law, fees or taxes for plastic bags should still help to reduce usage. Marketing and educational campaigns had mixed results, more research is needed in this area.

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Apr 8th, 12:00 AM Apr 8th, 12:00 AM

Plastic bag reductions policies: What is the most effective approach?

SOARS Virtual Conference

Plastic pollution has been a hot topic in the scientific community for decades, and more recently, legislation to curb the problem has been popping up across the globe. Plastic bags are a particular item that has been identified as a large offender in plastic pollution. The environmental damage and economic cost of this pollution is widely documented and can be reviewed in Derraik’s 2002 study and Wagner’s 2017 study. This paper will review and analyze literature on the success of plastic bag reduction policies around the world, and determine which solutions are most effective in order to make relevant policy recommendations. The three main policy strategies reviewed in this paper are bans, fees or taxes, and education or marketing. I initially estimated that the most effective policy would be a full ban on plastic bags. My research found that the most effective policy is a ban coupled with a high rate fee on substitutes like paper or compostable bags. However, in jurisdictions where a ban cannot be adequately enforced or passed into law, fees or taxes for plastic bags should still help to reduce usage. Marketing and educational campaigns had mixed results, more research is needed in this area.

https://digitalcommons.unf.edu/soars/2020/spring_2020/101