Title

Citizens, doctors, politicians - who´s an expert in times of COVID-19? A survey in Austria and Germany

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2021

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x55e0caa3d0d0)

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to explore which measures and risk factors for a COVID − 19 infection are considered most important in the general population, health experts and policymakers and to assess the level of agreement across the groups from Austria and Germany. Methods: A two-phased survey was conducted, participants were matched according to age and gender. Three different groups were asked which measures they considered most relevant in reducing a COVID-19 transmission, to determine which factors contribute most to the risk of disease, and to evaluate the level of agreement in the assessment of risk factor relevance for (a) the transmission of the disease and (b) the risk of a severe course of COVID-19. Results: Risk factors for an infection that were selected from all three groups were immunosuppression/deficiency, cancer, chronic lung disease, smoking, age and working as a health care professional. Interrater agreement per population was only poor to slight and results were highly heterogeneous. Conclusions: Our survey shows a broad spectrum of opinions and the associated general uncertainty about the risk factors for infection and a severe course of disease across the groups. Profound knowledge of politicians and experts is of high relevance to provide the public with valid information to ensure cooperation fighting the pandemic. Trial registration: https://apps.who.int/trialsearch/ (ID: DRKS00022166). Registered 15 June 2020.

Publication Title

Archives of Public Health

Volume

79

Issue

1

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1186/s13690-021-00666-5

ISSN

07787367

E-ISSN

20493258

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