Associations between after-school arrangements and labour conditions of low-income working mothers in the United States
Over one-half of U.S. low-income working mothers utilize an array of after-school options, which impacts child development and their work conditions. However, many studies have focused exclusively on children’s development in after-school programs (ASPs). Therefore, we examined the relationship between different types of after-school care and low-income working mothers’ labour conditions which include working hours and months as well as the abilities to job shift and attend school/training. The study utilized the National Household Education Survey Programs: After-School Programs and Activities (2005) data and employed binary logistic and Ordinary Least Square Regression analyses. Sample units (N = 717) were low-income households utilizing any of the childcare arrangements. The study’s finding of a positive association between relative care and mothers’ working hours suggests a need for more public subsidies for working families using relative care as well as a need for financial incentives for relatives providing childcare. Additionally, for parents who cannot access relative care, the quality and quantity of ASPs in economically disadvantaged communities must be increased.
Journal of Family Studies
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hyejoon Park, Min Zhan & Shinwoo Choi (2021) Associations between after-school arrangements and labour conditions of low-income working mothers in the United States, Journal of Family Studies, 27:2, 303-320, DOI: 10.1080/13229400.2019.1588142