Title

“A pleasant and tidy arrangement”1: Housing development and economies of segregation in Mtwara, Tanganyika, 1949-1954

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2018

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x55597c46f538)

Abstract

In 1949, the colonial government of Tanganyika began clearing land for a model urban landscape in a remote district. This city was built as one facet of the Tanganyika Groundnut Scheme, a development debacle that cost the British taxpayer £36 million and yielded few benefits. The most significant outcome of the Scheme was the development of the port city of Mtwara, which held some promise as a model colonial space. As such, the urban development of Mtwara reveals how colonial officials used urban planning to alter a region’s economic productivity from a pre-industrial system to one directly linked to state power. Town planning was a strategic device to marginalize existing African communities and reconfigure power dynamics in an African landscape. This article examines how segregation was performed late in the colonial project, how social economies were reconfigured, and how housing development was rooted in entrenched views about rights and citizenship.

Publication Title

Journal of Urban History

Volume

44

Issue

4

First Page

713

Last Page

735

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1177/0096144216688898

ISSN

00961442

E-ISSN

15526771

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