Exposure to Pre- and perinatal risk factors partially explains mean differences in self-Regulation between races
Objectives To examine whether differential exposure to pre- and perinatal risk factors explained differences in levels of self-regulation between children of different races (White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, and Other). Methods Multiple regression models based on data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (n ≈ 9,850) were used to analyze the impact of pre- and perinatal risk factors on the development of self-regulation at age 2 years. Results Racial differences in levels of self-regulation were observed. Racial differences were also observed for 9 of the 12 pre-/perinatal risk factors. Multiple regression analyses revealed that a portion of the racial differences in self-regulation was explained by differential exposure to several of the pre-/perinatal risk factors. Specifically, maternal age at childbirth, gestational timing, and the family's socioeconomic status were significantly related to the child's level of self-regulation. These factors accounted for a statistically significant portion of the racial differences observed in self-regulation. Conclusions The findings indicate racial differences in self-regulation may be, at least partially, explained by racial differences in exposure to pre- and perinatal risk factors.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Barnes, Boutwell, B. B., Miller, J. M., DeShay, R. A., Beaver, K. M., & White, N. (2016). Exposure to Pre- and Perinatal Risk Factors Partially Explains Mean Differences in Self-Regulation between Races. PLoS ONE, 11(2), e0141954–e0141954. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141954