Reaction of allene esters with Selectfluor/TMSX (X = I, Br, Cl) and Selectfluor/NH4SCN: Competing oxidative/electrophilic dihalogenation and nucleophilic/conjugate addition
Reaction of benzyl and ethyl allenoates with TMSX (X = I, Br, Cl) and with NH4SCN were investigated in MeCN, DMF, and in imidazolium ionic liquids [BMIM][NTf2] and [BMIM][PF6] as solvent, in the presence and absence of Selectfluor. Comparative product analysis studies demonstrate that the ability of Selectflour to promote oxidative/electrophilic dihalogenation/dithiocyanation with TMSX/NH4SCN (as observed previously for 1-arylallenes) is diminished in allenoates, most significantly in reactions with TMSCl, and essentially disappearing in reactions with NH4SCN, in favor of nucleophilic/conjugate addition. The study underscores the contrasting reactivity patterns in 1-arylallenes and allenoates toward electrophilic and nucleophilic additions in halofunctionalization with TMSX/Selectfluor and thiocyanation reactions with NH4SCN/Selectfluor. These competing pathways are influenced by the nature of the anion, allene structure, and the choice of solvent.
Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Reddy, & Laali, K. K. (2015). Reaction of allene esters with Selectfluor/TMSX (X = I, Br, Cl) and Selectfluor/NH4SCN: Competing oxidative/electrophilic dihalogenation and nucleophilic/conjugate addition. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 11(1), 1641–1648. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.11.180