Title

Characterization of Roseofilum reptotaenium (Oscillatoriales, Cyanobacteria) gen. et sp. nov. isolated from Caribbean Black band disease

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2012

Abstract

Black band disease (BBD) is a pathogenic microbial consortium dominated in terms of biomass by phycoerythrin-rich, gliding, filamentous cyanobacteria. Studies of BBD using molecular methods have shown that the 16S rRNA gene sequence of 'Oscillatoria' sp. is consistently found in BBD samples worldwide. The purpose of this study is to erect a new genus, Roseofilum gen. et sp. nov., encompassing these and other previously reported strains. Using a polyphasic approach we characterized two strains of BBD Oscillatoria isolated from BBD infected corals in the Caribbean. These strains have the ability to tolerate sulphide, anoxia, and pH values in the range from 4.5 to 10, with optimal growth at pH 6 to 8. Growth occurs by photoautotrophy, including sulphide-insensitive oxygenic photosynthesis, and mixotrophy but not by heterotrophy under dark aerobic or anaerobic conditions. Both strains synthesize microcystin-LR. Results of infectivity experiments carried out under controlled laboratory conditions showed that both strains are capable of initiating an infection on healthy coral that resembles in situ BBD. 16S rRNA gene sequence data place these strains into a highly supported clade with other strains identified as Oscillatoria sensu lato, yet clearly genetically distinct from the type, Oscillatoria princeps. Further, while the BBD strains share more morphological similarity with members of Phormidium, they are also distinct from this genus based on sequence data. Based on morphology, ecology, physiology, and phylogenetic distinctiveness, we propose the novel epithet Roseofilum reptotaenium.

Publication Title

Phycologia

Volume

51

Issue

5

First Page

489

Last Page

499

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.2216/11-10.1

ISSN

00318884

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