Effects of presentation mode on veridical and false memory in individuals with intellectual disability
In the present study the effects of visual, auditory, and audio-visual presentation formats on memory for thematically constructed lists were assessed in individuals with intellectual disability and mental age-matched children. The auditory recognition test included target items, unrelated foils, and two types of semantic lures: critical related foils and related foils. The audio-visual format led to better recognition of old items and lower false-alarm rates for all foil types. Those with intellectual disability had higher false-alarm rates for all foil types and experienced particular difficulty discriminating presented items from those most strongly activated internally during acquisition (i.e., critical foils). Results are consistent with the activation-monitoring framework and fuzzy-trace theory and inform best practices for designing visual supports to maximize performance in educational and work environments. Copyright © 2012 American Association on Allen Press, Inc.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
CARLIN, TOGLIA, M. P., BELMONTE, C., & DIMEGLIO, C. (2012). Effects of Presentation Mode on Veridical and False Memory in Individuals with Intellectual Disability. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 117(3), 183–193. https://doi.org/10.1352/1944-7558-117.3.183