Title

Effects of presentation mode on veridical and false memory in individuals with intellectual disability

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-1-2012

Abstract

In the present study the effects of visual, auditory, and audio-visual presentation formats on memory for thematically constructed lists were assessed in individuals with intellectual disability and mental age-matched children. The auditory recognition test included target items, unrelated foils, and two types of semantic lures: critical related foils and related foils. The audio-visual format led to better recognition of old items and lower false-alarm rates for all foil types. Those with intellectual disability had higher false-alarm rates for all foil types and experienced particular difficulty discriminating presented items from those most strongly activated internally during acquisition (i.e., critical foils). Results are consistent with the activation-monitoring framework and fuzzy-trace theory and inform best practices for designing visual supports to maximize performance in educational and work environments. Copyright © 2012 American Association on Allen Press, Inc.

Publication Title

American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Volume

117

Issue

3

First Page

183

Last Page

193

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1352/1944-7558-117.3.183

PubMed ID

22716261

ISSN

19447515

E-ISSN

19447558

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