Hospital-Acquired Conditions Reduction Program, Racial and Ethnic Diversity, and Magnet Designation in the United States
Aged; Cross-Sectional Studies; Hospitals; Humans; Iatrogenic Disease; Medicare; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus; United States
OBJECTIVE: A key quality indicator in any health system is its ability to reduce morbidity and mortality. In recent years, healthcare organizations in the United States have been held to stricter measures of accountability to provide safe, quality care. This study aimed to explore the contextual factors driving racial disparities in hospital-acquired conditions incident rates among Medicare recipients in Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was performed using data from Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. Performance from 1823 hospitals were used to examine the association between Magnet recognition and community's racial and ethnic differences in hospital performance on the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. The unit of analysis was the hospital level. A propensity score matching approach was used to take into account differences in baseline characteristics when comparing Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals. The outcome measures were risk-standardized hospital performance on the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program domains and overall performance. RESULTS: Study findings show that Magnet hospitals had decreased methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rate (β = -0.22; 95% confidence interval, -0.36 to -0.08) compared with non-Magnet hospitals. No other statistical difference was identified. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study show community's racial and ethnic differences in hospital-acquired conditions occurrence differ between Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals for MRSA, indicating its association with nursing practice. However, because this improvement is limited to only MRSA, there are likely opportunities for Magnet hospitals to continue process improvements focused on additional Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program measures.
Journal of patient safety
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Boamah, Sheila A.; Hamadi, Hanadi Y.; and Spaulding, Aaron C., "Hospital-Acquired Conditions Reduction Program, Racial and Ethnic Diversity, and Magnet Designation in the United States" (2022). UNF Faculty Research and Scholarship. 3176.