Year of Publication
College of Education and Human Services
Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership (EdD)
Dr. Kenneth Wilburn
Dr. William Herrold
Dr. Mary D'Zamko
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the use of a school-wide token economy program on middle school students' achievement, behavior, and attitudes toward school. This involved the comparison of two similar suburban middle schools, one of which used a school-wide token economy program.
A nonequivalent control-group design was used to examine: (1) the effects on achievement as measured by grades and honor roll status; (2) the effects on behavior as measured by numbers of students attaining perfect attendance, numbers of punches earned, and numbers of detentions and suspensions; and (3) the effects on attitude as measured by the School Attitude Measure (SAM). Data were gathered from school guidance and disciplinary records.
The results indicated that there was a statistically significant relationship between the token economy program and student achievement as measured by grades and honor roll status in the A/B honor roll (p
Implications and limitations of the study are discussed. Suggestions for further research are presented.
White, Jane Nixon, "A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Token Economy Program on the Achievement, Behavior, and Attitude of Middle School Students" (1995). UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 135.