Paper Type

Doctoral Dissertation


College of Education and Human Services

Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership (EdD)


Leadership, School Counseling & Sport Management

NACO controlled Corporate Body

University of North Florida. Department of Leadership, School Counseling & Sports Management

First Advisor

Dr. Christopher Janson

Second Advisor

Dr. Sophia Maxis Filibert

Rights Statement

Third Advisor

Dr. Lucy Croft

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Luke Cornelius

Department Chair

Dr. Elizabeth Gregg

College Dean

Dr. Diane Hoppey


This Q research designed study sought the answer to the research question, “What are the range of collectively help perceptions of leaders in the Christian and Missionary Alliance toward the impact that emotional woundedness has had on their leadership?” In doing so a conceptual framework was constructed from three psychological theories. These theories were Need Reduction Theory (Hull, 1973), Goal Theory (Adler, 1927) and finally a Theory of Cognitive Dissonance (Festinger, 1957). The 39 participants of this study were clergy leaders of the Christian and Missionary Alliance. The participants perspectives were compared and grouped, and three factors were revealed, along with one bi-polar factor. These factors were described as The Community Leader, The Alienated Leader, The Empathic Leader, And the Redemptive Leader. These factors were discussed and finally study implications and limitations, and recommendations for further research, were suggested.