The Relationship Between the Employment of School Resource Officers, School Discipline, and School-Based Arrests Variables
College of Arts and Sciences
Master of Science (MS)
NACO controlled Corporate Body
University of North Florida. Department of Psychology
Dr. Angela Mann
Dr. Hope Wilson
Dr. Lori Lange
Dr. George Rainbolt
The school resource officer (SRO) program is a program developed in the United States with the goal of making schools a safer environment for students across all grades (Cray & Weiler, 2011). To date, the majority of research surrounding SRO programs focuses on recommended characteristics and qualities of SROs, as well as appropriate utilization of SROs (Weiler & Cray, 2011). However, relatively little is known about the effect of increased presence of SRO’s in the school setting. With SRO’s being tasked with disciplinarian roles Barnes (2016), it would be important to look at the effect of SRO’s on school discipline variables such as out-of-school suspension (OSS). With OSS being linked to increased risk for arrest (Theriot, 2009), it would be important to analyze the effect of these variables on each other. Taking it one step further, minority populations are typically disciplined at a higher rate than their white peers (Okonofua & Eberhardt, 2015). The purpose of this study is to examine the increased presence of SRO’s, OSS and minority and their effect on school-based arrest. The results support previous research in finding that OSS and number of SRO’s employed were significant predictors of school-based arrest. However, percentage of minority population was not found to be a predictor of school-based arrest. More research is needed to understand the extent of the relationship between OSS, SRO’s, and school-based arrests and how it might be possible to reduce this connection.
Monson, Johnathon D., "The Relationship Between the Employment of School Resource Officers, School Discipline, and School-Based Arrests Variables" (2019). UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 902.