College of Computing, Engineering & Construction
Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MSCE)
NACO controlled Corporate Body
University of North Florida. School of Engineering
Dr. Thobias Sando
Dr. Priyanka Alluri
Dr. Brian Kopp
Secondary crashes (SCs) on freeways are a major concern for traffic incident management systems. Studies have shown that their occurrence is significant and can lead to deterioration of traffic flow conditions on freeways in addition to injury and fatalities, albeit their magnitudes are relatively low when compared to primary crashes. Due to the limited nature of crash data in analyzing freeway SCs, surrogate measures provide an alternative for safety analysis for freeway analysis using conflict analysis. Connected Vehicles (CVs) have seen compelling technological advancements since the concept was introduced in the 1990s. In recent years, CVs have emerged as a feasible application with many safety benefits especially in the urban areas, that can be deployed in masses imminently. This study used a freeway model of a road segment in Florida’s Turnpike system in VISSIM microscopic simulation software to generate trajectory files for conflict analysis in SSAM software, to analyze potential benefits of CVs in mitigating SCs. The results showed how SCs could potentially be reduced with traffic conflicts being decreased by up to 90% at full 100% composition of CVs in the traffic stream. The results also portrayed how at only 25% CV composition, there was a significant reduction of conflicts up to 70% in low traffic volumes and up to 50% in higher traffic volumes. The statistical analysis showed that the difference in average time-to-collision surrogate measure used in deriving conflicts was significant at all levels of CV composition.
Soloka, Mike Alvin, "Simulation Exploration of the Potential of Connected Vehicles in Mitigating Secondary Crashes" (2019). UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 928.