Year

2019

Season

Fall

Paper Type

Master's Thesis

College

College of Computing, Engineering & Construction

Degree Name

Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MSCE)

Department

Engineering

NACO controlled Corporate Body

University of North Florida. School of Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Thobias Sando

Second Advisor

Dr. Priyanka Alluri

Third Advisor

Dr. Brian Kopp

Abstract

Secondary crashes (SCs) on freeways are a major concern for traffic incident management systems. Studies have shown that their occurrence is significant and can lead to deterioration of traffic flow conditions on freeways in addition to injury and fatalities, albeit their magnitudes are relatively low when compared to primary crashes. Due to the limited nature of crash data in analyzing freeway SCs, surrogate measures provide an alternative for safety analysis for freeway analysis using conflict analysis. Connected Vehicles (CVs) have seen compelling technological advancements since the concept was introduced in the 1990s. In recent years, CVs have emerged as a feasible application with many safety benefits especially in the urban areas, that can be deployed in masses imminently. This study used a freeway model of a road segment in Florida’s Turnpike system in VISSIM microscopic simulation software to generate trajectory files for conflict analysis in SSAM software, to analyze potential benefits of CVs in mitigating SCs. The results showed how SCs could potentially be reduced with traffic conflicts being decreased by up to 90% at full 100% composition of CVs in the traffic stream. The results also portrayed how at only 25% CV composition, there was a significant reduction of conflicts up to 70% in low traffic volumes and up to 50% in higher traffic volumes. The statistical analysis showed that the difference in average time-to-collision surrogate measure used in deriving conflicts was significant at all levels of CV composition.

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