Paper Type

Doctoral Dissertation


College of Education and Human Services

Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership (EdD)


Leadership, School Counseling & Sport Management

NACO controlled Corporate Body

University of North Florida. Department of Leadership, School Counseling & Sports Management

First Advisor

Dr. Matthew Ohlson

Second Advisor

Dr. Amanda Pascale

Third Advisor

Dr. Elizabeth Gregg

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Christine Holland

Department Chair

Dr. Elizabeth Gregg

College Dean

Dr. Daniel Dinsmore


Mentoring involves a collaborative and reciprocal sharing of knowledge for professional development. In leadership, a mentor is an individual who currently serves as a leader while guiding someone who aspires to be a leader in the future. This study evaluated how virtual mentoring compares to face-to-face mentoring on the development of leadership self-efficacy for college students. This study undertook a comparative analysis of face-to-face mentoring sessions and virtual mentoring sessions to explore the research question and hypotheses. The mentoring process involved a dyadic relationship where personalities create a positive and effective learning experience. A comparative analysis permitted the study to determine what differences occur in leadership efficacy for college students participating in virtual versus face-face mentoring. Efficacy was assessed on the students’ leadership abilities based on their evaluation of leadership mentoring sessions. The study realized that online learning was superior to relaying critical leadership skills to the student than face-to-face learning. As an implication, face-to-face mentoring experiences are not always possible due to geographical and budgetary constraints, virtual mentoring eliminates those barriers while still supplying a community learning experience. Additionally, virtual meetings also allow for access to marginalized populations that may not typically be available. The study was limited by the small sample population.