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Florida Public Health Review

Abstract

This study used a unique approach to examine Florida county health department environmental health (EH) program performance of the 10 Essential Environmental Public Health Services (EEPHS) and its relationship with environment- related disease, described by enteric disease rates. Correlation analysis tested the association between performance of each EEPHS and five different enteric disease rates, while multivariate regression analysis further examined the relationships while considering program organizational characteristics as potential confounders. Correlation analysesrevealed cryptosporidiosis was associated with EEPHS 2 diagnose (Τb = .195, p = .027) and EEPHS 8 workforce (Τb= .234, p = .006), and salmonellosis with EEPHS 4 mobilize (Τb = .179, p = .042) and EEPHS 6 enforce (Τb = .201, p = .020). Multivariate regression results showed EEPHS 2 diagnose (p = .04) and EEPHS 4 mobilize (p = .00) had statistically significant associations with cryptosporidiosis and salmonellosis, respectively, and suggested that improved performance of these two EEPHS may have decreased disease incidence. EH programs may benefit from improving the performance of EEPHS to address the incidence of certain enteric diseases. Continued efforts to develop a robust understanding of EH program performance and its impact on environment-related disease could enhance EH services delivery and ability to improve health outcomes.

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