Florida Public Health Review

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Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) is an increasingly common treatment option for individuals with severe obesity, but utilization disparities remain with race and ethnic minority groups completing the procedure less frequently than non-Hispanic Whites. We examined the trends in MBS procedure types and prevalence of utilization by race and ethnicity among Florida inpatients.

Discharge records with any MBS using the International Classification of Diseases 9th or 10th edition Procedure Coding System (ICD-PCS), were extracted from the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA) inpatients’ data (2006 to 2017). Those who completed either Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG), Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), LAGB Revision and Repair (LAGBREV), or LAGB Removal (LAGBREM) were included in the analysis. Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel tests evaluated the trend over time for MBS procedure by race and ethnicity.

The sample (n = 90,845) was predominantly non-Hispanic White (NHW, 61.7%), female (75.5%), had a commercial insurance carrier (50.0%), and severe obesity (92.3%). Significant trends (p < 0.05) in three MBS procedures were observed: decreasing trends for LAGB (36.2% in 2008 to 0.3% in 2017) and for RYGB (52.2% in 2009 to 20.3% in 2017) and an increasing trend for SG (18.7% in 2010 to 75.3% in 2017). Regardless of procedure type, NHW had the highest proportion of MBS in all years. More non-Hispanic Blacks received LAGB compared to Hispanics in 2006 through 2016. From 2009 to 2017, more Hispanics received RYGB compared to the NHB inpatients.

RYGB was the prevalent procedure from 2006 to 2012 but was later (2013-2017) replaced by SG in Florida hospitals. The diversity in MBS procedures among race-ethnic groups in Florida may indicate social-cultural drivers and should be further investigated.

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