Title

Identifying Factors Affecting the Time Taken for Drivers to Complete Freeway Merging Maneuvers under Varying Weather, Traffic, and Geometric Conditions

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2021

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x559694c915e0)

Abstract

Inadequate understanding of driver heterogeneity and characteristics creates challenges building models in microscopic traffic simulation tools that accurately represent merging behavior in real traffic. To further understand merging behavior, this study, unlike previous studies, considers age group and other driver characteristics under varying weather, traffic, and geometric conditions. A pilot study was conducted using a driving simulator to simulate merging scenarios on four-lane and six-lane freeway segments for Level of Service (LOS) A and B under clear and foggy weather conditions. A total of 100 individuals voluntarily participated in the study and their time taken to complete merging maneuvers (or merging time) was used as the performance measure. The collected data were analyzed using ANOVA and log-linear regression models, and results show that although there were statistically significant differences among age groups, "number of lanes"was the most significant predictor variable in the model because drivers required longer time merging to the four-lane freeway segment than to the six-lane freeway segment. Also, some driver characteristics and self-reported driving abilities were found to influence the merging time of drivers.

Publication Title

Journal of Transportation Engineering Part A: Systems

Volume

147

Issue

10

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1061/JTEPBS.0000555

ISSN

24732907

E-ISSN

24732893

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