Title

Leishmania Tarentolae Novel Responses To Bi3þ-Doped Strontium Aluminum Oxyfluorides

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2021

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x5557cf89b6b0)

Abstract

Novel therapeutics for the treatment of leishmaniasis are of interest as the disease not only is becoming more prevalent, but drug resistance is increasing in certain regions of the world. Reported here is the use of Bi3þ-doped strontium aluminum oxyfluoride phosphors and protease inhibitors to test in vitro inhibitory activity against cultured promastigote Leishmania tarentolae and effects on L. tarentolae secreted acid phosphatase (SAP) activity. Cell viability did not significantly decrease in the presence of 50 μM anti-perovskite compounds, implying limited cytotoxicity. Yet SAP activity did increase in the cell free preparations with time in the presence of strontium compounds. Of interest was the observation that cell free SAP activity did not increase in the presence of protease inhibitors with or without added strontium compounds. Since secreted proteases may play a role in the maturation of Leishmania SAP and thus be involved with parasite-host infection establishment, this is in further need of evaluation. Nitric oxide production on day 4 post-addition of the strontium compounds was evaluated and showed an approximately 50% decrease in NO production in the presence of two test compounds relative toDMSO control cells. This is the first report of anti-perovskite compound inhibition of NO production by Leishmania

Publication Title

Heliyon

Volume

7

Issue

9

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07896

ISSN

24058440

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