Title

Proposed reform of the H-1B programme under Trump administration and the adverse selection in Green Card applications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2021

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x558f1d883e40)

Abstract

The dialogue of major reform in immigration laws along with increase in rejection of H-1B petitioners since the start of the Trump administration may make employers find H-1B renewal becoming more difficult and costly for low-end positions and less-educated employees. Using the Program Electronic Review Management (PERM) application data, this article examines the impact of the recent threat of immigration reform on the share of entry-level positions and petitioners with no college degree in Green Card applications. We found evidence that entry-level positions and applicants without a college degree became more heavily represented among new PERM applications after 2016, even when a trend and occupations were accounted for. The findings are consistent with the hypothesis that employers face stronger incentive to retain workers and sponsor their PERM applications since H-1B renewal will likely become more difficult and costly for low-end positions and less-educated workers.

Publication Title

Applied Economics Letters

Volume

28

Issue

5

First Page

378

Last Page

382

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1080/13504851.2020.1753878

ISSN

13504851

E-ISSN

14664291

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