Safety evaluation of the advanced stop assist system in connected vehicle environment
Although traffic signals are installed to reduce the overall number of collisions at intersections, certain types, in particular, rear-end collisions are increasing due to signalization. One dominant factor associated with rear-end crashes is the indecisiveness of the driver, especially in the dilemma zone. An advisory system to help the driver make the stop-or-pass decision would greatly improve intersection safety. This study proposes and evaluates an Advanced Stop Assist System (ASAS) at signalized intersections by using Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communication. The proposed system utilizes communication data, received from roadside equipment, to provide approaching vehicles with vehicle-specific advisory speed messages to prevent vehicle hard-braking at a yellow or red signal. A simulation test bed was modeled using VISSIM, a microscopic simulation software, to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed system. The results demonstrate that at full market penetration (100% saturation of vehicles equipped with on-board communication equipment), the proposed system reduces the number of hard-braking vehicles by nearly 50%. Sensitivity analyses of market penetration rates also show a degradation in safety conditions at penetration rates lower than 40%. The results suggest that a penetration rate of at least 60% is required for the proposed system to minimize rear-end collisions and improve safety at the signalized intersections.
Transportation Research Record
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Njobelo, Sando, T., Sajjadi, S., Mtoi, E., Ozguven, E. E., & Sobanjo, J. (2018). Safety Evaluation of the Advanced Stop Assist System in Connected Vehicle Environment. Transportation Research Record, 2672(22), 47–57. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198118797831