Title

Safety evaluation of the advanced stop assist system in connected vehicle environment

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2018

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x55f3e76c4f98)

Abstract

Although traffic signals are installed to reduce the overall number of collisions at intersections, certain types, in particular, rear-end collisions are increasing due to signalization. One dominant factor associated with rear-end crashes is the indecisiveness of the driver, especially in the dilemma zone. An advisory system to help the driver make the stop-or-pass decision would greatly improve intersection safety. This study proposes and evaluates an Advanced Stop Assist System (ASAS) at signalized intersections by using Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communication. The proposed system utilizes communication data, received from roadside equipment, to provide approaching vehicles with vehicle-specific advisory speed messages to prevent vehicle hard-braking at a yellow or red signal. A simulation test bed was modeled using VISSIM, a microscopic simulation software, to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed system. The results demonstrate that at full market penetration (100% saturation of vehicles equipped with on-board communication equipment), the proposed system reduces the number of hard-braking vehicles by nearly 50%. Sensitivity analyses of market penetration rates also show a degradation in safety conditions at penetration rates lower than 40%. The results suggest that a penetration rate of at least 60% is required for the proposed system to minimize rear-end collisions and improve safety at the signalized intersections.

Publication Title

Transportation Research Record

Volume

2672

Issue

22

First Page

47

Last Page

57

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1177/0361198118797831

ISSN

03611981

E-ISSN

21694052

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