Evaluation of the flexural strength and serviceability of concrete beams reinforced with different types of GFRP bars
The current available glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars have a modulus of elasticity ranges from 40 to 60 GPa in accordance with CSA S807-10 Canadian standard. The surface profile of GFRP bars, however, can be smooth, sand-coated, deformed, grooved, or ribbed. This study aimed at investigating the flexural behavior and serviceability performance of concrete beams reinforced with different types of GFRP bars. The test parameters were: (i) modulus of elasticity (46.4–69.3 GPa); (ii) surface profile (sand-coated and helically-grooved), and (iii) reinforcement ratio. The study included testing of 17 full-scale beams measuring 4,250 mm long × 200 mm wide × 400 mm deep reinforced with GFRP bars. The test results are presented and discussed in terms of deflection, crack width, strain, and load-carrying capacity. The cracking behavior of the tested beams tends to confirm that sand-coating of GFRP bars enhances the bond performance in concrete more than the helically-grooved profile. The curvature limit of 0.005/d seems to be feasible in controlling the serviceability of GFRP-reinforced concrete (GFRP-RC) beams. In addition, ACI 440.1R-06 and ACI 440.1R-15 underestimated the deflection, while ISIS M-03 and CSA S806-12 provided conservative deflection values at 0.30 of nominal moment capacity, Mn.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
El-Nemr, Ahmed, E. A., El-Safty, A., & Benmokrane, B. (2018). Evaluation of the flexural strength and serviceability of concrete beams reinforced with different types of GFRP bars. Engineering Structures, 173, 606–619. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.06.089