Justice System Bias Perceptions of the Dually Marginalized: Observations from a Sample of Women Ex-offenders
Social constructions of race, gender, and class are known to shape stereotypes that condition interaction and behavior across various contexts, including the criminal justice system. From an intersectional framework emphasizing dual marginalization, this study relates in-depth interviews with women ex-offenders regarding their justice system experiences to explore perceived race and gender themed discrimination. Findings of reported pejorative language and degrading behavior reaffirm a well-documented generalized assumption by women of color that disparate treatment is normative. Discussion centers on how these views are detrimental to rehabilitation enrollment, related implications for offender programming objectives, and the utility of intersectionality theory for analyzing related justice topics.
Victims and Offenders
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Wesely, & Miller, J. M. (2018). Justice System Bias Perceptions of the Dually Marginalized: Observations from a Sample of Women Ex-offenders. Victims & Offenders, 13(4), 451–470. https://doi.org/10.1080/15564886.2017.1362614