Tropical cyclone storm surge risk
Tropical cyclone storm surge represents a significant threat to communities around the world. These surge characteristics vary spatially and temporally over a range of scales; therefore, conceptual frameworks for understanding and mitigating them must be cast within a context of risk that covers the complete range of hazards, their consequences, and methods for mitigation. A review of primary overlapping time scales and associated spatial scales for tropical cyclone surge hazards covers two scales of particular interest: (1) synoptic-scale predictions used for warnings and evacuation decisions and (2) long-term estimation of hazards and related risks needed for coastal planning and decision making. Factors that can affect these estimates, such as episodic variations in tropical cyclone characteristics and longer-term climate change and sea-level rise are then examined in the context of their potential impacts on hazards and risks related to tropical cyclone surges.
Handbook of Coastal and Ocean Engineering: Expanded Edition
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Resio, & Irish, J. L. (2015). Tropical Cyclone Storm Surge Risk. Current Climate Change Reports, 1(2), 74–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-015-0011-9