Bladder control problems in elders: Assessment and treatment strategies for all rehabilitation clinicians-clinical commentary

Cynthia E. Neville, University of North Florida


Older adults have a 50% or greater prevalence of urinary incontinence and other lower urinary tract symptoms such as urinary urgency and nocturia, or waking from sleep to urinate. These bladder control problems place older adults at increased risk of falling, and are associated with a wide range of negative health and rehabilitation outcomes. Rehabilitation clinicians can identify and assess bladder control problems in their patients and provide basic interventions, which may improve quality of life and health and rehabilitation outcomes of the aging adult. This clinical commentary aims to systematically explain assessment and treatment options for bladder control problems in elders that can be used by all rehabilitation clinicians.