Title

Histological and morphological aspects of reproduction in the sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus in the U.S. south-eastern Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-1-2016

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x55ffc9f75e60)

Abstract

The reproduction of the sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus in the U.S. south-eastern Atlantic Ocean including the Gulf of Mexico was examined using a combination of histological and morphological characteristics of C. plumbeus collected through fishery-dependent and -independent sampling programmes (n = 1,567). Indices of maturity were constructed using measurements of gonads, reproductive tracts and claspers, and sandbar sharks exhibited 50% maturity sizes of 140 and 148cm fork length for males and females respectively. Gonado-somatic indices and variation in reproductive tract condition were used to determine seasonal trends in reproduction of mature C. plumbeus. Sandbar sharks have discrete seasonal reproductive cycles in which males produce sperm from January to May with a peak in May and females develop eggs from January to May with ovulation occurring in June. Females were shown to exhibit a >2year reproductive cycle. Embryonic development was assessed through measurements of masses and lengths of uterine contents. Gestation was 12months, from July to the following June, with parturition in late June. This research highlights a difference from previously reported data on the periodicity of female reproduction in C. plumbeus in the U.S. south-eastern Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, which may have major effects on future C. plumbeus stock management.

Publication Title

Journal of Fish Biology

Volume

88

Issue

5

First Page

1708

Last Page

1730

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1111/jfb.12945

PubMed ID

27021112

ISSN

00221112

E-ISSN

10958649

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