Isolation, expression analysis and characterization of NEFA-interacting nuclear protein 30 and RING finger and SPRY domain containing 1 in skeletal muscle
Muscle atrophy results from a range of physiological conditions, including immobilization, spinal cord damage, inflammation and aging. In this study we describe two genes, NEFA-interacting nuclear protein 30 (Nip30) and RING Finger and SPRY domain containing 1 (Rspry1), which have not previously been characterized or shown to be expressed in skeletal muscle. Furthermore, Nip30 and Rspry1 were transcriptionally induced in response to neurogenic muscle wasting in mice and were also found to be expressed endogenously at the RNA and protein level in C2C12 mouse muscle cells. Interestingly, during analysis of Nip30 and Rspry1 it was observed that these genes share a 230 base pair common regulatory region that contains several putative transcription regulatory elements. In order to assess the transcriptional activity of the Nip30 and Rspry1 regulatory regions, a fragment of the promoter of each gene was cloned, fused to a reporter gene, and transfected into cells. The Nip30 and Rspry1 reporters were both found to have significant transcriptional activity in cultured cells. Furthermore, the Nip30-Rspry1 common regulatory region contains a conserved E-box enhancer, which is an element bound by myogenic regulatory factors that function in the regulation of muscle-specific gene expression. Therefore, in order to determine if the predicted E-box was functional, Nip30 and Rspry1 reporters were transfected into cells ectopically expressing the myogenic regulatory factor, MyoD1, resulting in significant induction of both reporter genes. In addition, mutation of the conserved E-box element eliminated MyoD1 activation of the Nip30 and Rspry1 reporters. Finally, GFP-tagged Nip30 was found to localize to the nucleus, while GFP-tagged Rspry1 was found to localize to the cytoplasm of muscle cells.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Waddell, Duffin, P. J., Haddock, A. N., Triplett, V. E., Saredy, J. J., Kakareka, K. M., & Eldredge, J. T. (2016). Isolation, expression analysis and characterization of NEFA-interacting nuclear protein 30 and RING finger and SPRY domain containing 1 in skeletal muscle. Gene, 576(1), 319–332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.046