Psychological testing is one of the primary methodologies used by psychologists in research and practice settings. This article describes the essential features of this methodology, starting with a definition of what a psychological test is and a history of how testing started and developed in the early part of the twentieth century. The dual nature of psychological tests as both professional tools and commercial products is discussed and a clear distinction is made between the different purposes tests serve and the different bases on which they are evaluated when viewed as tools and as products.
Encyclopedia of Mental Health: Second Edition
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Urbina, S.. (2016). Psychological Testing. Encyclopedia of Mental Health. 2nd ed. 357-364. 10.1016/B978-0-12-397045-9.00219-6.