Blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) in rivers
This chapter presents some of the more commonly encountered lotic cyanobacterial taxa. The cyanobacteria are a group of oxygenic prokaryotes present in nearly all aquatic ecosystems. While the ecological importance of this lineage is well known, much confusion exists pertaining to their systematic and taxonomic status. In order to facilitate generic-level identification, we separate the cyanobacteria into four major groupings: the Chroococcales (coccoid cells often in a mucilaginous envelop), the Oscillatoriales (filamentous forms lacking specialized cells), the Nostocales (filamentous with inducible specialized cells), and the Stigonematales (filamentous, obligatory specialized cells coupled with cell division in multiple planes). We discuss the major genera found in each lineage, the current state of the systematics, and the broad ecological roles and niches of these taxa. Dichotomous keys and images are presented to facilitate generic identifications.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Casamatta, & Hašler, P. (2016). Blue-Green Algae (Cyanobacteria) in Rivers. In River Algae (pp. 5–34). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31984-1_2