Sindbis virus infection alters blood feeding responses and DEET repellency in aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) female mosquitoes infected systemically with Sindbis virus (SINV) took longer than uninfected mosquitoes to locate and fully engorge on blood. On days 7 and 14 postexposure, blood feeding took 1.3 and 1.5 times longer in mosquitoes with a disseminated SINV infection, respectively. SINV dissemination did not affect the average weight of unfed Ae. aegypti, but did result in a 10 and 12% increase in blood imbibed compared with mosquitoes without a positive SINV dissemination and non-SINV-exposed mosquitoes, respectively. Ae. aegypti mosquitoes with a disseminated SINV infection fed an average of 4 h sooner than uninfected mosquitoes when offered a bloodmeal contained inside a DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) saturated (30%) bovine sausage casing. Together, these results indicate that behavioral changes in mosquito host-seeking, blood feeding and sensitivity to DEET occurred in mosquitoes after SINV infection and dissemination. © 2012 Entomological Society of America.
Journal of Medical Entomology
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Qualls, Day, J. F., Xue, R.-D., & Bowers, D. F. (2012). Sindbis Virus Infection Alters Blood Feeding Responses and DEET Repellency in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 49(2), 418–423. https://doi.org/10.1603/ME11102