Viewing Fantastical Events Versus Touching Fantastical Events: Short-Term Effects on Children's Inhibitory Control
Three pretest-posttest experiments were conducted to compare the effects of viewing versus interacting with either fantastical or real events on 4- and 6-year-old children's inhibitory control. Experiment 1 (N = 72) suggested that although viewing fantastical events had a negative effect on inhibitory control, interacting with them produced no such disruption. Experiment 2 (N = 17) also found that children's inhibitory control decreased after viewing fantastical events but not after interacting with them. In addition, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) data showed that viewing fantastical events resulted in greater activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Experiment 3 (N = 72) showed that children's inhibitory control increased after viewing and interacting with real events. The implications for studying the effects of mobile devices are discussed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Li, H. Subrahmanyam, K. Bai, X. Xie, X. Liu, T. (2018). Viewing fantastical events versus touching fantastical events: Short-term effects on children’s inhibitory control. Child Development, 89, 48-57.