Microstructure and temperature-dependence of Raman scattering properties of β-(AlxGa1-x)2O3 crystals
Bulk crystals of β-Ga2O3, (Al0.1Ga0.9)2O3 and (Al0.2Ga0.8)2O3 were grown by the optical floating zone and edge-defined film-fed methods. Their microstructure and temperature-dependent phonon characteristics were investigated systematically by using high resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD) and Raman scattering spectroscopy. HR-XRD results revealed a very good crystalline phase for all the samples. As compared to the pure β-Ga2O3, the interplanar spacings in (Al0.1Ga0.9)2O3 and (Al0.2Ga0.8)2O3 samples are found decreasing with the increase of Al contents – exhibiting distorted lattice structures. Due to the deformations in (AlxGa1-x)2O3, the Raman peaks revealed redshifts and linewidth broadening as the Al composition (x) is increased. The lattice distortion mainly affected the Raman modes in the range of less than 600 cm−1 and had a relatively trivial effect on the modes higher than 600 cm−1. With the increase of temperature, the Raman peaks are also redshifted and linewidth broadened. Similar to a pure β-Ga2O3, our Raman shifts in the two (AlxGa1-x)2O3 crystals revealed quadratic dependence on temperature – showing specific relationships. However, the temperature dependent widening of the Raman active phonons in (AlxGa1-x)2O3 exhibited a convoluted behavior different from β-Ga2O3. The results are significant for further understanding of (AlxGa1-x)2O3 crystals and evaluating its use in device applications.
Superlattices and Microstructures
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Chen, X., Niu, W., Wan, L., Xia, C., Cui, H., Talwar, D.N., Feng, Z. C. (2020) Microstructure and temperature-dependence of Raman scattering properties of β-(AlxGa1-x)2O3 crystals. Superlattices and Microstructures, 140, 106469.