Characterizing the mechanosensitive response of Paraburkholderia graminis membranes
Bacterial mechanosensitive channels gate in response to membrane tension, driven by shifts in environmental osmolarity. The mechanosensitive channels of small conductance (MscS) and large conductance (MscL) from Escherichia coli (Ec) gate in response to mechanical force applied to the membrane. Ec-MscS is the foundational member of the MscS superfamily of ion channels, a diverse family with at least fifteen subfamilies identified by homology to the pore lining helix of Ec-MscS, as well as significant diversity on the N- and C-termini. The MscL family of channels are homologous to Ec-MscL. In a rhizosphere associated bacterium, Paraburkholderia graminis C4D1M, mechanosensitive channels are essential for cell survival during changing osmotic environments such as a rainstorm. Utilizing bioinformatics, we predicted six MscS superfamily members and a single MscL homologue. The MscS superfamily members fall into at least three subfamilies: bacterial cyclic nucleotide gated, multi-TM, and extended N-terminus. Osmotic downshock experiments show that wildtype P. graminis cells contain a survival mechanism that prevents cell lysis in response to hypoosmotic shock. To determine if this rescue is due to mechanosensitive channels, we developed a method to create giant spheroplasts of P. graminis to explore the single channel response to applied mechanical tension. Patch clamp electrophysiology on these spheroplasts shows two unique conductances: MscL-like and MscS-like. These conductances are due to likely three unique proteins. This indicates that channels that gate in response to mechanical tension are present in the membrane. Here, we report the first single channel evidence of mechanosensitive ion channels from P. graminis membranes.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Miller, B. L., Dickinson, H. M., Wingender, B., Mikhaylova, A., & Malcolm, H. R. (2020). Characterizing the mechanosensitive response of Paraburkholderia graminis membranes. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Biomembranes, 1862(4), 183176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2020.183176