Title

A new approach for modeling dissipation due to breaking in wind wave spectra

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1-2020

Subject Area

ARRAY(0x55737350b168)

Abstract

A robust spectral dissipation term for wind waves has long been a goal of detailed-balance spectral modeling and is represented by many different approximations in spectral models of random wave fields. A Monte Carlo approach is employed here to create a random-phase sea surface that is used to simulate the distribution of horizontal surface velocities at the sea surface and to relate these velocities to deep-water wind wave breaking. Results are consistent with many recent studies that show a kinematic-based breaking criterion can provide a consistent depiction of the onset of wave breaking. This criterion is combined with the calculated nonlinear flux rates to estimate a transition point within a spectrum at which a spectrum changes from an f24 equilibrium-range form to an f25 region dominated by dissipation, potentially an important factor within several air–sea interaction mechanisms, turbulence at the sea surface, and remote sensing applications. It also has the potential to improve operational modeling capabilities.

Publication Title

Journal of Physical Oceanography

Volume

50

Issue

2

First Page

439

Last Page

454

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1175/JPO-D-19-0160.1

ISSN

00223670

E-ISSN

15200485

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