Spin Dynamics and Dirac Nodes in a Kagome Lattice
Herein, the spin dynamics for various magnetic configurations arranged on a Kagome lattice is investigated. Using a Holstein–Primakoff expansion of the isotropic Heisenberg Hamiltonian with multiple exchange parameters, the development and evolution of magnetic Dirac nodes with both anisotropy and magnetic field are examined. From the classical energies, the phase diagrams for the ferromagnetic (FM), antiferrimagnetic (AfM), and the 120° phases are shown as functions of J1, J2, J3, and anisotropy. Furthermore, the production of bosonic Dirac and Weyl nodes in the spin-wave spectra is shown. Through frustration of the magnetic geometry, a connection to the asymmetric properties of the Kagome lattice and the various antiferromagnetic configurations is discerned. Most interesting is the 120° phase, which does not have Dirac nodes when considering only J1 due to the formation of an analogous antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice, but gains Dirac symmetry with next-nearest neighbor interactions. Additionally, the presence of flat modes that are characteristic of cluster excitations is shown. Further study of external frustrations from a magnetic field and anisotropy reveals a tunability of the exchange interactions and nodal points.
Annalen der Physik
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Boyko, D., Saxena, A., Haraldsen, J.T. (2020) Spin Dynamics and Dirac Nodes in a Kagome Lattice. Annalen der Physik, 532(2), 1900350.