Spin channel induced directional dependent spin exchange interactions between divacantly substituted Fe atoms in graphene
In this study, we show the divacant substitution of Fe impurities atom produces the formation of an electron spin channel along the armchair direction of graphene. This spin channel creates a directional dependent spin exchange between impurities. Using density functional theory, we simulated the electronic and magnetic properties for a supercell of graphene with spatial variation of the Fe atoms along either the armchair or zigzag directions. Overall, we find that the exchange interaction between the two Fe atoms fluctuates from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic as a function of the spatial distance in the armchair direction. Given the induced magnetic moment and increased density of states at the Fermi level by the surrounding carbon atoms, we conclude that an RKKY-like interaction may characterize the exchange interactions between the Fe atoms. Furthermore, we examined the same interactions for Fe atoms along the zigzag direction in graphene and found no evidence for an RKKY interaction as this system shows a standard exchange between the transition-metal impurities. Therefore, we determine that the spin channel produced through Fe-substitution in graphene induces a directional-dependent spin interaction, which may provide stability to spintronic and multifunctional devices and applications for graphene.
Physical Review B
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Putnam, R., Balatsky, A.V., Haraldsen, J.T. (2019) Spin Channel Induced Directional Dependent Spin Exchange Interactions Between Divacantly Substituted Fe Atoms in Graphene. Physical Review B, 100 (12), 125435.