Deuterated Curcuminoids: Synthesis, Structures, Computational/Docking and Comparative Cell Viability Assays against Colorectal Cancer
A series of deuterated curcuminoids (CUR) were synthesized, bearing two to six OCD3 groups, in some cases in combination with methoxy groups, and in others together with fluorine or chlorine atoms. A model ring-deuterated hexamethoxy-CUR–BF2 and its corresponding CUR compound were also synthesized from a 2,4,6-trimethoxybenzaldehyde-3,5-d2 precursor. As with their protio analogues, the deuterated compounds were found to remain exclusively in the enolic form. The antiproliferative activities of these compounds were studied by in vitro bioassays against a panel of 60 cancer cell lines, and more specifically in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells (HCT116, HT29, DLD-1, RKO, SW837, and Caco2) and in normal colon cells (CCD841CoN). The deuterated CUR–BF2 adducts exhibited better overall growth inhibition by NCI-60 assay, while for other CUR–BF2 adducts the non-deuterated analogues were more cytotoxic. Results of the more focused comparative cell viability assays followed the same trend, but with some variation depending on cell lines. The CUR–BF2 adducts exhibited significantly higher cytotoxicity than CURs. Structural studies (X-ray and DFT) and computational molecular docking calculations comparing their inhibitory efficacy with those of known anticancer agents used in chemotherapy are also reported.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Laali, K.K., Zwarycz, A.T., Bunge, S.D., Borosky, G.L., Nukaya, M., Kennedy, G.D. (2019) Deuterated Curcuminoids: Synthesis, Structures, Computational/Docking and Comparative Cell Viability Assays Against Colorectal Cancer. ChemMedChem, 14(12), 1173-1184.