Trend change in the intellectual disability nursing home census from 1977 to 2004
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) of 1987 was expected to reduce inappropriate residential placements of persons with intellectual disability (ID) in nursing homes. Utilizing the nationally representative 1977, 1985, 1995, and 2004 National Nursing Home Surveys (NNHS), we estimate trend change in the ID nursing home census pre- and post-OBRA. We find a marked decrease in number and percentage, and a shift in the age distribution of the ID nursing home census, most pronounced between 1985 and 1995. We contend that these trend changes, concurrent with growth in the overall nursing home population, provide empirical evidence that policy changes that occurred during the OBRA enactment period were successful in reducing inappropriate residential placements of persons with ID in nursing homes.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Landes, Scott D. and Lillaney, Nikita, "Trend change in the intellectual disability nursing home census from 1977 to 2004" (2019). UNF Faculty Publications. 990.