College of Computing, Engineering & Construction
Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MSCE)
NACO controlled Corporate Body
University of North Florida. School of Engineering
Dr. Thobias Sando
Dr. Akan Cigdem
Dr. Brian Kopp
Dr. Osama Jadaan
Dr. William Klostermeyer
Rainfall affects the performance of traffic operations and endangers safety. A common and conventional method (rain gauges) for rainfall measurements mostly provide precipitation records in hourly and 15-minute intervals. However, reliability, continuity, and wide area coverage pose challenges with this data collection method. There is also a greater likelihood for data misrepresentation in areas where short duration rainfall is predominant, i.e., reported values may not reflect the actual equivalent rainfall intensity during subintervals over the entire reporting period. With recent weather and climate patterns increasing in severity, there is a need for a more effective and reliable way of measuring rainfall data used for traffic analyses. This study deployed the use of precipitation radar data to investigate the spatiotemporal effect of rainfall on freeways in Jacksonville, Florida. The linear regression analysis suggests a speed reduction of 0.75%, 1.54%, and 2.25% for light, moderate, and heavy rainfall, respectively. Additionally, headways were observed to increase by 0.26%, 0.54%, and 0.79% for light, moderate, and heavy rainfall, respectively. Measuring precipitation from radar data in lieu of using rain gauges has potential for improving the quality of weather data used for transportation engineering purposes. This approach addresses limitations experienced with conventional rain data, especially since conventional collection methods generally do not reflect the spatiotemporal distribution of rainfall.
Andrew, Lucia, "Investigating the Effects of Rainfall on Traffic Operations on Florida Freeways" (2019). UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 904.