Brooks College of Health
Master of Science (MS)
Clinical & Applied Movement Sciences
NACO controlled Corporate Body
University of North Florida. Department of Clinical & Applied Movement Sciences
Dr. James R. Churilla, Ph.D., MPH, MS, RCEP, FACSM
Dr. Tammie M. Johnson, DrPH, MPH,
Dr. Samantha Ehrlich, Ph.D., MPH
Dr. Laurie Wideman, Ph.D., MSH, FACSM
Dr. James Pivarnik, Ph.D., MSH, FACSM, EP-C
Dr. James Churilla, Ph.D., MPH, MS, RCEP, FACSM
Dr. Joel Beam, Ph.D., PT
Objective: We sought to examine differences in aerobic activity (AA) and muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) by diabetes risk status (DRS) among pregnant women in the United States.
Background: Pregnant women without complications are advised to engage in physical activity (PA) to mitigate adverse outcomes. Differences may exist among pregnant women of diverging diabetes status in meeting national PA recommendations.
Methods: The sample (n=9,597) included pregnant women ages 18-44, who participated in 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Levels of DRS were: no diabetes (ND), high risk for diabetes (HRD) due to self-reported gestational diabetes or pre-diabetes, and overt diabetes (DM). Odds ratios (ORs) for meeting PA recommendations were obtained. Covariates included age, race, education, household child count, alcohol consumption, and smoking status.
Results: Findings revealed that on average, group DM had 46.5 fewer minutes of weekly AA compared to group ND. Furthermore, a significantly lower OR (0.39; P
Conclusion: We observed pregnant women with overt diabetes have a lower likelihood of engaging in PA, while group HRD was similar in their PA engagement as group ND. Solutions should be explored for improving PA participation in pregnant women with diabetes so that they may also enjoy the health benefits. Actions include increasing PA promotion by clinical providers, implementing methods for overcoming barriers to PA, and exploring strategies to make exercise palatable to this population.
Rand, Bethany, "Diabetes Risk Status and Physical Activity in Pregnant Women: U.S. BRFSS 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017" (2020). UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 935.
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