Paper Type

Doctoral Dissertation


College of Education and Human Services

Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership (EdD)


Leadership, School Counseling & Sport Management

NACO controlled Corporate Body

University of North Florida. Department of Leadership, School Counseling & Sports Management

First Advisor

Dr. Amanda Pascale

Second Advisor

Dr. David Hoppey

Department Chair

Dr. Liz Gregg

College Dean

Dr. Diane Yendol-Hoppey


This study examined how gender and years of working with a female leader influence the gendered perception of female leadership effectiveness in Saudi Arabian higher education institutions. This study compared male and female leaders’ perception of female leadership effectiveness as well as highlighted the relationship between leader’s gender, experience working with a female leader and perceived female leadership effectiveness. To answer the research questions, four hypothesized models were proposed (simple direct model, mediation model, moderation model, and mediation moderation model). Data was collected from administrated leaders, who hold a position in five public universes located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia with approximately 554 male and female leaders. T. test and path analysis were conducted to test the hypothesized models. The results of path analysis indicated that the mediation model was the best fit model of the four hypothesized models. One significant path was identified between gender and perceived female leadership effectiveness in mediation moderation model, the worst model of the four hypothesized models. Also, a discussion of the key findings, the study limitations, and the suggested future areas of research were discussed.